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For manufacturers, production literally puts everything together. The department coordinates and plans manufacturing runs, making sure that products get out the door.
In your Production Department, each product has its own assembly line. You cannot move a product from one line to another because automation levels vary and each product requires special tooling.
As it determines the number of units to produce for the upcoming year, Production needs to consider the sales forecasts developed by Marketing minus any inventory left unsold from the previous year.